Historical places to visit in Varanasi.
Call it Banaras, Kashi, or Varanasi, the splendor of the city will sparkle the same way. Washed by the majestic waves of river Ganga, Varanasi is revered as the abode of Lord Shiva as wellas the oldest living city on the earth. It has got a detailed description in various Hindu manuscripts. Being one of the seven holiest cities in India, Varanasi is worldwide known for River Ganga but it has something more than that. From the ancient Vedic era to the medieval period, Indian history can’t be completed without a mention of Varanasi. The beauty of Varanasi is that it is entwined with the spirituality and history together. It has witnessed a set of historical happenings that have left the remnants marks on the city. So today, let’s visit the historical places in Varanasi.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple
If River Ganga is the soul of Varanasi, KashiVishwanath Temple is the essence of the city. When you’re in Varanasi, don’t get awestruck if you see a temple in every few steps. Out of these unnumbered of temples, KashiVishwanath Temple is the crowning jewel of Varanasi.
Lal Khan tomb
See the diversity of Varanasi. It is a famous as a Hindu pilgrim spot but is dotted by the monuments of different beliefs. It represents them all together with the same glory. If you want to witness this, visit Lal Khan Tomb.
Chaukhandi Stupa Sarnath
Considered as one of the sacred places of Buddhist, ChaukhandiStupa is the heart of Sarnath. As soon as you’ll enter Sarnath, the glorifying architecture of ChaukhandiStupa will enthrall you. Today, Sarnath is in a run-down condition but amid those ruins, ChaukhandiStupahas stood the test of time.
Varanasi is the city of temples and most of the temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva. Kardameshwar Mahadev Temple is also one of them which boasts the pride of being the oldest temple in UP. Lord Shiva is the presiding deity here
Ramnagar Durga Mandir
The Durga Mandir is situated inside Ramnagar Fort. It is believed that it was built 500 years ago which is currently taken care by Royal Family of Varanasi. This temple is devoted to Hindu goddess Durga, not to be confused with Durga Temple in Bhelupur,Varanasi. The temple has a large stone built square pond known as Pushkarni in front of it.
Ramnagar Fort is a 17th-century fort and palace located on the eastern bank of the Ganges, opposite to the Tulsi Ghat. It is built by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh. The architecture of this fort is a blend of Indian and Islamic style, or we can say a typically Mughal style of architecture. The fort includes Durga and Chhinmastika Temple famous for intricate stone carving. Vedvyas Temple is also inside the premises dedicated to the epic writer Ved Vyasa who wrote Mahabharata. Legends have it that Ved Vyasa stayed here for a brief period.
The palace Man Mahal, popularly known as Man Mandir is located adjacent to the famous Dashashvamedh ghat. Man Mahal is famous especially for its masonry observatory. The palace and ghat were built in around 1600 A.D. by Man Singh, the Raja of Amber and a celebrated General of the Great Mughal Emperor Akbar. But the observatory was added to it in around 1737 A.D by Sawai Jai Singh II (1686-1745 AD) who himself was a great astronomer, the founder of Jaipur city and a descendant of Raja Man Singh. Besides inventing a number of instruments, tables and formulae, constructed five masonry observatories located at Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura. The highlights of the observatory include the Samrat Yantra, Laghu Samrat Yantra, Dakshinobhiti Yantra, Chakra Yatra, Digansa Yantra and Narivalaya Dakshin and Uttar Gola.
Moti Jheel of Varanasi often goes unnoticed by the visitors because it is small place and outsiders are not aware of the significance of the place. The central attraction of Moti Jheel is a half-body statue of a giant crocodile that is said to have been hanged in the wall of Moti Jheel Haveli for last 90 years.
Rani Lakshmi Bai Birthplace
Rani Lakshmi Bai- this name evokes the spirit of self-respect in every woman and gives her a power to fight for her dignity. So, when you’re in Varanasi, don’t forget to pay a visit to the birthplace of such a heroic lady. Located around 1.5 km from Assi Ghat, Rani Lakshmi Bai Janmasthali is a must-visit place in Varanasi.
Manikarnika Ghat also is known as a Passage to Heaven is the most auspicious place for a Hindu to be cremated. There is a pond older than the city near the ghat which is said to be dug by Lord Vishnu for Shiva and Shakti to take bath. Near the pond, a footprint exists which is said to be the footprint of Lord Vishnu when he mediated in Varanasi. Every day, more than 100 bodies are cremated here with rituals in the ghat.
Sampuranand University is one of the most ancient education centers in India. It is primarily known for the Sanskrit studies. Established in 1791 during the regime of East India Company, the university is today the most renowned Sanskrit university in the country. Here, the learning courses mainly deal with the Vedas, philosophy, and religion. If you’re left with some extra time, you can visit it. It’s worth visiting.
Being the holiest pilgrim spot of Buddhists, Sarnath is a must-visit place in Varanasi irrespective of the beliefs. It is nearly 10 km from Varanasi, so you can easily reach there by the local taxis and autos
Lolark Khundis actually a step well where the couple who craves for a child, takes a dip and seeks the blessing of Lord Shiva. According to the beliefs, whosoever takes a bath and performs all rituals with a full heart in LolarkKhund on the 6th day of the bright moon of Bhadrapada, gets fulfilled his/her desire of a child.